ASME B31.3

Materials, Fabrication, Inspection, and Testing Requirements for Process Piping
- for Engineers, Inspectors and Experienced Tradesmen
Course Location:
Radisson Hotel and Suites
435 Gregoire Drive
Fort McMurray AB  T9H 4K7 Canada
Date: May 29 to June 1, 2012
Earn: 3.2 CEUs


This is an introductory course to provide the basic understanding of the materials, fabrication, inspection and testing portions of ASME B31.3 for new construction and how it may be applied for post construction inspection, repairs, and alterations. To achieve these objectives, the first 3 days will cover ASME B31.3 and the last day will cover API 570. The course also includes an introduction to ASTM material standards and AWS filler metal standards.


This course will assist manufacturers in meeting the personnel competency and training requirements of AB-518, Rev. 1, Pressure Piping Construction Requirements.

Each participant will receive a certificate with a minimum of 3.2 Continuing Education Units (CEUs) for attending the 4-day classroom session, accredited by the International Association of Continuing Education and Training (IACET). Further CEUs will be awarded based on the amount of pre- and post-classroom training modules completed.

Who Should Attend

Inspectors, engineers, maintenance and QA personnel who work for owner-user companies, inspection companies, fabricators, maintenance service and repair companies, inspection companies and EPC's from petrochemical plants, refineries, power plants, gas/oil pipeline companies, and pulp mills. This course will also assist CSA W178.2 exam candidates who plan to write the B31.3 code exam.

CASTI Learning Advantage (CLA)
Hybrid Training

This course includes 7 days* of training as described below:

Pre-classroom Online (Estimated 3 Days*)
Topics covered:
  • wall thickness for straight pipe
  • steel metallurgy and welding metallurgy
  • ASTM specifications (A106, A333, A312, A941)
  • temperature limitations (min./max. DMT)
  • impact testing criteria
  • preheating and PWHT process piping
  • leak testing (hydrostatic and pneumatic)
  • corrosion rates, remaining life of equipment, next inspection interval
Online pre-classroom content is only available from May 1-28, 2012.

* Estimate based on the average time required by past students to complete online training. Your personal skill and experience levels will determine the actual time required to complete this work. Past students have taken between 10-35 hours (about 1-4 days) hours to complete the online module work.

Completing all of the online study work is a critical step to maximize your learning experience. The online study work is an integral part of this training course and must be completed by all registrants to achieve the full CEU credit.

The pre-classroom online training modules include:

  • study material for reading
  • reviewing example problems and detailed solutions
  • solving practice problems and reviewing detailed solutions
  • practice problems results are graded to provide a measure of self-evaluation
Click here for more information about the CASTI Learning Advantage (CLA).
In-Classroom (4 Days)

Includes instructor-led:

  • lectures,
  • group discussions,
  • real-life examples,
  • practice problems,
  • interpretation case studies, and
  • workshops
In-classroom training held May 29 to June 1, 2012
The following topics will be covered on the days indicated.

Day 1:

Introduction to Laws, Regulations, Jurisdiction and Related Codes and Standards
  • Alberta Safety Code Act and hierarchy of related regulations, codes, and standards
  • Brief introduction to the Alberta Pressure Equipment Safety Regulations (PESR)
  • Brief introduction to the Alberta Pressure Welders Regulations
  • ABSA's Role as the Jurisdiction Administrator and Authorized Inspection Agency
  • Brief introduction to ABSA forms for pressure equipment
B31.3 Responsibilities
  • Owner, designer, manufacturer, fabricator, erector, and owner's inspector
Brief Introduction to B31.3 Design Requirements for New Construction
  • Design minimum temperature
  • Quality factors for castings and welds
  • Pressure design of straight pipe
  • Pipe undertolerance and how to order pipe accordingly
Steels and ASTM Specifications
  • Introduction to Steel Metallurgy
    • Fe-Fe3C diagram and how to use it with B31.3
      • grains, grain boundaries, grain size, and how they relate to the brittle fracture rules in B31.3
      • heat treatment of steel and related terms and definitions as used in ASTM standards, including ASTM A941
      • review of B31.3 steel and heat treatment terms/definitions and how they differ from ASTM A941, API 570, and NACE standards
    • roles of alloying elements in steels and stainless steels

Day 2:

Steels and ASTM Specifications (continued)
  • ASTM Specifications
    • ASTM General Specification requirements (A530, A999, A450) and how they work with ASTM piping product specifications
    • ASTM Piping Product Specifications
      • A106 (A530) seamless carbon steel piping for high temperature service
      • A333 (A999) carbon steel piping for low temperature service
      • A335 alloy steel piping for high temperature service
      • A312 (A450) austenitic stainless steel piping
  • Material Test Reports
    • Review of sample A106, A333, and A312 material test reports
    • Understanding the importance of material test report data
    • Using material test reports to make critical purchasing decisions
B31.3 Materials and Requirements
  • B31.3 Listed, unknown and reclaimed materials terms and definitions
  • B31.3 Requirements for low temperature toughness tests for metals
    • Charpy impact testing procedure
      • specimen size
      • test temperature
    • Minimum temperatures without impact testing for carbon steel materials
    • Reduction in minimum design metal temperature without impact testing
    • Charpy impact testing acceptance criteria

Day 3:

Welding Metallurgy
  • Regions of the heat-affected zone (HAZ) in carbon steel
  • Carbon equivalent, ASTM specifications, and various formulas
  • Heat input of welding
    • Effect on the HAZ and brittle fracture of carbon steels
    • ASME Sec. IX welding procedure requirements for carbon steels
    • B31.3 low temperature notch-toughness requirements for carbon steels
  • Brief introduction to the welding metallurgy of austenitic stainless steel
B31.3 Fabrication by Welding
  • Responsibilities
  • Weld and joint types
  • Preheat requirements
  • Postweld heat treatment requirements
  • Hardness testing requirements

Day 4:

B31.3 Inspection and Testing for New Construction
  • Responsibilities of the fabricator, purchaser and inspector
  • Examination requirements: extent, supplementary and typical weld imperfections
  • Examination methods for evaluating weld imperfections and acceptance criteria
B31.3 Leak Testing for New Construction
  • General requirements
  • Preparation for leak testing
  • Brittle fracture considerations for leak testing
  • Hydrostatic testing
  • Pneumatic testing
API 570 Inspection Data Evaluation, Analysis, and Recording
  • Corrosion Rate Determination
  • Maximum Allowable Working Pressure Determination
  • Retirement Thickness Determination
  • Assessment of Inspection Findings
  • Reporting and Records for Piping System Inspection
API 570 Frequency and Extent of Inspection
  • Piping Service Classes
  • Inspection Intervals
  • Extent of Visual External and CUI Inspections

Note: Topics may be covered on days other than those listed above. The schedule provided is a general outline that may be changed without notice.

Required Code Documents

All participants must bring the ASME B31.3 and the API 570 Codes to this class. The ASME and API Codes can be purchased from CASTI. A course notebook will be provided to all participants by CASTI.

About the Instructor

John E. Bringas, P.Eng. is a professional engineer who has practiced metallurgical engineering and inspection for 40 years. He is also certified as an API 510, 570, 653, 571, 577, and 580 inspector, an AWS Certified Welding Inspector, an Alberta In-Service Pressure Vessel Inspector and Welding Examiner, and former CGSB certified NDE examiner in UT and RT. He is a long time committee member of ASTM A01 (Steels), A05 (Coated Steels), B02 (Nonferrous Alloys), NACE STG 32 (Oil and Gas Production-Metallurgy) and STG 36 (Process Industry-Materials), and Canadian Representative on ISO TC 17-SC 4 (Steels). He is the author of the ASTM Handbook of Comparative World Steel Standards, ASTM Handbook of Steel Data: American and European, ASTM Passport to Steel Database, and the CASTI Metals Data Books. Mr. Bringas has engineering work experience in the steel making, foundry, consulting, refinery, pipeline and petrochemical industries and is the founder of Codes and Standards Training Institute and CASTI Publishing Inc.