ASME B31.3 Process Piping Fabrication

Code Fabrication Requirements for Process Piping

Date: October 18-21, 2021
Earn: 32 PDH
Price: $2595
Remote Online Attendance*


Remote Online Attendance:
participants attend remotely (from home or workplace) and interact with the live instructor through an online video meeting on the scheduled instructor-led training dates.
*In-Person Attendance is not available at this time. Please continue to revisit this page for updates.
New COVID-19 health and safety policies are currently under review.

Learning Outcomes

Participants who successfully complete this course will be able to:

  • recall the local Safety Code Act laws, pressure equipment safety regulations (PESR), and jurisdiction (ABSA) rules related codes and standards for new construction or in-service repair of ASME B31.3 piping;
  • identify and navigate the ASME B31.3 code fabrication rules;
  • review listed ASTM specifications and sample material test reports (MTRs), including multiple marking, to ensure they are acceptable for the material ordered;
  • investigate, analyze, interpret, articulate, and apply the welding fabrication rules of ASME B31.3 and apply them to when reviewing qualified welding procedure specifications (WPSs) to ensure they are suitable to weld on ASME B31.3 piping;
  • identify and navigate the basic rules for ASME B31.3 inspection and examination; and
  • recall the basic rules for ASME B31.3 leak testing, including closure welds.

This course will assist manufacturers in meeting the personnel competency and training requirements of AB-518, Rev. 1, Pressure Piping Construction Requirements.

Who Should Attend

Engineers, inspectors, maintenance and QA personnel, NDE technicians, experienced tradespeople, who work for owner-user companies, EPCs, inspection companies, fabricators, maintenance service and repair companies, and inspection companies from refineries, upgrader plants, oil sands plants, SAGD plants, petrochemical plants, power plants, gas/oil pipeline companies, pulp mills, repair and maintenance shops, equipment manufacturers, third party inspection and NDE companies, and all supporting industries. This course will also assist CSA W178.2 exam candidates who plan to write the code exam.

Professional Development Hours (PDHs)

Each participant will receive a digital CASTI Certificate of Completion with 32 Professional Development Hours (PDHs) for attending all 4 days of the scheduled training.

Course Outline

Introduction to Laws, Regulations, Jurisdiction and Related Codes and Standards
  • hierarchy of related regulations, codes, and standards
  • brief introduction to CSA B51, Part 1, Alberta Safety Code Act, Alberta Pressure Equipment Safety Regulations (AB-516 PESR User Guide)
  • ABSA's role as the Jurisdiction Administrator and Authorized Inspection Agency
  • introduction to ABSA Forms and Information Bulletins (Alert, Interpretation, Notification, Variance, and Withdrawn)
B31.3 Responsibilities
  • owner, designer, manufacturer, fabricator, erector, and owner's inspector
B31.3 Materials and Requirements
  • B31.3 listed, unknown, and reclaimed materials terms and definitions
  • ASTM specification listed materials
    • ASTM general specifications (A530, A999, A450) and how they work with ASTM product specifications (A106, A333, A350)
    • ASTM piping product specifications
      • A106 (A530) seamless carbon steel piping for high temperature service
      • A333 (A999) carbon steel piping for low temperature service
      • A350 (A961) carbon steel forged fittings and flanges
  • Material Test Reports (MTRs)
    • review of sample A105, A106, and A333 MTRs
    • understanding the importance of MTR data
    • using MTRs to make critical purchasing and acceptance/rejection decisions

QC checks of MTRs and ASTM specifications

ASTM and ASME Multiple Marking Rules
  • ASME Section II, Part A, Mandatory Appendix III Guidelines on Multiple Marking of Materials
  • ASTM multiple marking rules in A182 (A961)

QC checks of MTRs with multiple markings against ASTM specifications

  • ASTM A106 Grade B and A333 Grade 6
  • ASTM A312 Grade 316 and Grade 316L
Introduction to B31.3 Impact Testing Requirements
  • design minimum temperature
  • review of 323.2.2(a) to (j) impact testing requirements
    • ASTM A370 Charpy impact testing procedure for steel products
      • B31.3 specimen size requirements
      • B31.3 test temperature general requirements
    • review of Table 323.2.2 Requirements for Low Temperature Toughness Tests for Metals and related general requirements
    • review of Figure 323.2.2A Minimum Temperatures Without Impact Testing for Carbon Steel Materials and related general requirements
      • reduction of impact testing exemption temperature in 323.2.2(c), (h), and (i)
    • review of Table 323.3.1 Impact Testing Requirements for Metals and related general requirements
    • review of Table 323.3.4 Charpy Impact Test Temperature Reduction for subsize specimens and related general requirements
    • review of Table 323.3.5 Minimum Required Charpy V-Notch Impact Values and related general requirements
    • introduction to ASTM A370 shear fracture appearance

1. Determine impact testing exemption temperature for carbon steel:

  • ASTM A333 Grade 6
  • ASTM A106 Grade B
  • ASTM A671 Grade CC65, including rule exception

2. Determine impact testing acceptance criteria based on:

  • energy, with introduction to fully deoxidized steels, and
  • lateral expansion
Welding Metallurgy
  • regions of the heat-affected zone (HAZ) in carbon steel
  • carbon equivalent, ASTM specifications, and various formulas
  • heat input of welding
    • effect on the HAZ and brittle fracture of carbon steels
    • ASME Section IX WPS supplementary welding variables for carbon steels
    • effect on B31.3 impact testing requirements for carbon steels
B31.3 Fabrication by Welding
  • responsibilities
  • weld and joint types
  • WPS qualifications and records
  • welding materials, including AWS Filler Metal Specifications
  • cleaning, end preparation, alignment, trimming, root spacing, tack welds, peening
  • branch connection welds and sizing
  • flange attachment welds
  • weld repair during fabrication
  • installation of set-through and set-on nozzles, including weldolet or threadolet
  • preheat requirements
  • postweld heat treatment requirements
  • brief review of ASME Section IX welding procedure requirements for carbon steels

review a WPS with P-No. 1 material to identify B31.3 code nonconformances

B31.3 Inspection and Testing for New Construction
  • responsibilities of the fabricator, purchaser and inspector
  • examination requirements: extent, supplementary and typical weld imperfections
  • examination methods for evaluating weld imperfections and acceptance criteria

practice using Table 341.3.2 Acceptance Criteria for Welds

B31.3 Leak Testing for New Construction
  • general requirements
  • preparation for leak testing
  • brittle fracture considerations for leak testing
  • hydrostatic testing
    • closure welds, 345.2.3(c) and AB-519
  • pneumatic testing
    • AB-522 Standard Pneumatic Test Procedure Requirements for Piping Systems
    • ASME PCC-2 pneumatic test stored energy calculations

Learning Assessment

Learning self-assessment is performed through discussions, problem solving exercises, and workshops.

Required Code Documents

All participants must bring the ASME B31.3 code to this class. If you require a copy, it can be purchased from CASTI when you register for the course. A course notebook will be provided to all participants by CASTI.

About the Instructor

John E. Bringas, P.Eng. is the President and Founder of Codes and Standards Training Institute (CASTI) and CASTI Publishing Inc. He is a professional engineer who has practiced metallurgical and materials engineering, and inspection since 1975. He has also been certified as an API 510, 570, 653, 571, 577, and 580 inspector, an AWS Certified Welding Inspector, an Alberta In-Service Pressure Vessel Inspector and Welding Examiner, and CGSB certified NDE examiner in UT and RT. He is a long-time committee member of ASTM A01 Steels, A05 Coated Steels, B02 Nonferrous Alloys, E04 Metallography, E28 Mechanical Testing, F42 Additive Manufacturing, J01 ASTM/NACE Committee on Corrosion, NACE STG 31 Oil and Gas Production—Corrosion and Scale Inhibition, STG 32 Oil and Gas Production-Metallurgy, STG 34 Petroleum Refining and Gas Processing, STG 35 Pipelines, Tanks, and Well Casings, STG 39 Process Industries—Materials Applications and Experiences, and past Canadian Representative on ISO TC 17-SC 4 (Steels). He is the author of the ASTM Handbook of Comparative World Steel Standards, ASTM Handbook of Steel Data: American and European, ASTM Passport to Steel Database, and the CASTI Metals Data Books. Mr. Bringas has engineering work experience in the steel making, foundry, consulting (failure analysis), inspection, NDE, refinery, pipeline, and petrochemical industries.