ASTM Standards: Carbon and Alloy Steels

This live online training course is offered by ASTM International.

Date: September 19-20, 2022
For pricing and registration, visit: ASTM International.


Course Description

This two day course is designed to teach the basics of carbon steels and alloy steels to improve your ability to correctly write and review steel specifications when ordering or specifying steels based on ASTM Steel Standards.

These goals are achieved by studying more than 80 Connecting-the Standards© Examples covering more than 40 ASTM product specifications, general requirements specifications, test methods, practices, and terminology standards.

Learning Outcomes

After completing this course, you will be able to:

  • Correctly classify steels as being a carbon steel, low-alloy steel, or alloy steel as defined and used in ASTM steel standards
  • Recognize the different types of ASTM steel standards, their functions, terminology, and designation systems, including how they differ from other steel specifications and designations like AISI, ASME, SAE, etc.
  • Identify all referenced ASTM steel standards required to be addressed
  • Associate each ASTM steel product specification with its general requirements specification
  • Navigate ASTM steel standards to identify mandatory, nonmandatory, and purchaser selected supplementary or additional requirements
  • Distinguish how ASTM steel standards differ with varying wrought product forms (e.g., plate/sheet/strip, pipe, shapes, forgings, etc.)
  • Explain the roles of chemical elements in carbon, low-alloy, and alloy steels, including specified elements, unspecified elements, and residual elements
  • Explain carbon and manganese content affect the mechanical properties of carbon steels
  • Distinguish between a heat of steel and lot of steel, as well as between a steel’s heat analysis and product analysis
  • Explain how the ASTM A370 standard for mechanical testing of steel products is used for different forms of carbon, low-alloy, and alloy steels
  • Describe common mechanical testing requirements for tension, impact, hardness, and bending.

Who Should Attend

This course is designed for all personnel involved with steels and particularly ASTM Steel Standards, such as, engineers, inspectors, QA/QC coordinators, NDE examiners, purchasers, inventory control personnel, tradespeople, manufacturing, fabricating and repair companies, engineering procurement companies, construction companies, and others working in most industries that use steel, including: civil construction (buildings, bridges), pressure equipment, ship building, water treatment, pipelines, oil and gas industries (oilfield, upgraders, refineries, etc.), chemical plants, petroleum refining, petrochemical plants, power plants, pulp and paper plants, fertilizer plants, and many others.

Course Outline

  • How are carbon steel, low-alloy steel, and alloy steel defined in ASTM steel standards?
  • What are ASTM steel standards and how are they used to specify and order steel products?
  • What is a low-carbon steel, medium-carbon steel, and high-carbon steel, as defined in ASTM steel standards?
  • How is an alloy steel uniquely different than a low-alloy steel, high-strength low-alloy steel (HSLA) or microalloyed steel, as defined in ASTM steel standards?
  • How are ASTM carbon and alloy steel product specifications and grades designated and how do they differ from other steel designations like AISI, ASME, SAE, and others?
  • What is a: steel heat, heat analysis, heat number, steel lot, and product analysis, as defined in ASTM steel standards?
  • What are common chemical elements in carbon steels and how do they differ from residual elements and unspecified elements in ASTM standards?
  • Why do some chemical elements have requirements specified as a minimum value, maximum value, or minimum-maximum range value?
  • What are the roles of chemical elements in low-alloy, high strength low-alloy, microalloyed, and alloy steels?
  • How is ASTM A370 Standard for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products used with product specifications for:
    • tension testing (and referenced to E8);
    • impact testing (and referenced to E23);
    • hardness testing (and referenced to ASTM E10, E18, E110, A833, A956, A1038); and
    • bend testing (and referenced to E190 and E290)?
  • How are steel making and heat treatment requirements specified in ASTM steel standards?
  • How are NDE, pressure testing, and other QC testing requirements specified in ASTM steel standards?
  • How and why are product sizes, dimensional limits, and tolerance requirements specified in in ASTM steel standards?
  • How are products required to be marked and certified in accordance with ASTM steel standards?

Learning Assessment

Learning will be assessed through discussions. Participants are expected to ask questions if an issue is unclear to them.

Certificate and Professional Development Hours

Participants will receive a digital Certificate of Completion with credit for Professional Development Hours (PDH). Visit ASTM International for details.

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