ASTM Standards: Steel Metallurgy and Heat Treatment

This live online training course is offered by ASTM International.

Date: September 21-22, 2022
For pricing and registration, visit: ASTM International.

Course Description

This two day course is designed to teach the basics of steel metallurgy and heat treatment to improve your ability to correctly write and review steel specifications when ordering or specifying steels based on ASTM Steel Standards.

These goals are achieved by studying more than 40 Connecting-the-Standards© Examples covering more than 60 ASTM product specifications, general requirements specifications, test methods, practices, and terminology standards.

Learning Outcomes

After completing this course, you will be able to:

  • Correctly identify steel phases and microstructures in carbon and alloy steels as defined and used in ASTM steel standards
  • Recognize the different types of steel heat treatments as specified ASTM steel standards, their functions, terminology, and requirement
  • Identify all referenced ASTM steel standards required to be addressed when specifying heat treatment and any additional requirements for mechanical properties
  • Associate each metallurgical condition and heat treatment requirements in ASTM steel product specification and its general requirements specification
  • Navigate ASTM steel standards to identify mandatory, nonmandatory, and purchaser selected supplementary or additional heat treatment requirements.
  • Distinguish how ASTM steel standards differ metallurgical condition and heat treatment with varying wrought product forms (e.g., plate/sheet/strip, pipe, shapes, forgings, etc.)
  • Explain the roles of chemical elements in carbon and alloy steels and their effects on metallurgical condition and heat treatment
  • Identify when grain size is required in ASTM steel standards, explain how to measure it, and how to obtain it through heat treatment
  • Explain why the anisotropic behavior of steels affect mechanical testing requirements for tension, impact, hardness, and bending
  • Explain how ASTM A370 for mechanical testing of steel products addresses the anisotropic behavior of steels
  • Specify appropriate heat treatment to achieve the specified mechanical properties of wrought steels to overcome their anisotropic behavior.

Who Should Attend

This course is designed for all personnel involved with steels and particularly ASTM Steel Standards, such as, engineers, inspectors, QA/QC coordinators, NDE examiners, purchasers, inventory control personnel, tradespeople, manufacturing, fabricating and repair companies, engineering procurement companies, construction companies, and others working in most industries that use steel, including: civil construction (buildings, bridges), pressure equipment, ship building, water treatment, pipelines, oil and gas industries (oilfield, upgraders, refineries, etc.), chemical plants, petroleum refining, petrochemical plants, power plants, pulp and paper plants, fertilizer plants, and many others.

Course Outline

  • What are crystal structures and how are they important to steel metallurgy and heat treatment?
  • What are steel grains and grain boundaries?
  • How is the diffusion process used in steel heat treatment?
  • How does the allotropy of iron affect the metallurgy and heat treatment of steel?
  • How are steel phases and microstructures involved with heat treatment?:
    • ferrite, austenite, iron carbide (cementite), pearlite, martensite, bainite
  • Why is the iron-iron carbide phase diagram called the “Map of Steel Heat Treatment”?:
    • lower Transformation Temperature (A1)
    • upper Transformation Temperature (A3)
    • between Lower and Upper Transformation Temperature
    • Curie temperature (A2)
    • alpha and delta ferrite phases
  • What happens metallurgically when steel is cooled quickly by quenching?
    • hardenability of steel
    • bainite and martensite formation
    • tempering bainite and martensite
  • How and why are steels heat treated?
  • How is carbon dissolved in steel and controlled through heat treatment?
  • Why and how are steels commercially heat treated?
    • austenitizing
    • annealing
    • normalizing, normalizing and tempering
    • quench and tempering, double tempering
    • controlling steel mechanical properties through heat treatment
  • How is grain size measured and specified in ASTM steel standards?
  • Which mechanical properties of steels are affected by grain size and when to specify small or large grain size?
  • How is grain size controlled through heat treatment?
  • How does the anisotropic behavior in steels affect mechanical properties?
  • ASTM A370 requirements for mechanical testing of steel products and anisotropic behavior.
  • How is anisotropic behavior of steel controlled through heat treatment?

Learning Assessment

Learning will be assessed through discussions. Participants are expected to ask questions if an issue is unclear to them.

Certificate and Professional Development Hours

Participants will receive a digital Certificate of Completion with credit for Professional Development Hours (PDH). Visit ASTM International for details.

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