ASTM Standards: Steel Plates, Shapes, Forgings, and Castings

This live online training course is offered by ASTM International.

Date: June 13-14, 2022
For pricing and registration, visit: ASTM International.


Course Description

This two day course is designed to teach the basics of how common steel wrought products are made, such as: rolled plate/sheet/strip, forgings, tubulars, and wires to improve your ability to correctly review and write steel specifications when ordering or specifying steels based on ASTM Steel Standards.

These goals are achieved by studying more than 80 Connecting-the-Standards Examples© covering more than 70 ASTM product specifications, general requirements specifications, test methods, practices, and terminology standards.

Learning Outcomes

After completing this course, you will be able to:

  • Recall how steel is made to produce wrought products
  • Identify and apply ASTM standard steel terminology for wrought steel products
  • Recall manufacturing methods for steel ingot and continuous cast processes to make blooms, billets, and slabs before the finished products as used in ASTM Standards
  • Distinguish between a heat of steel and lot of steel, as well as between a steel’s heat analysis and product analysis as used in ASTM Standards
  • Discuss steel refining practices such as rimmed steel, killed steel, deoxidation practices, inclusion control, and how they are used in ASTM Standards
  • Describe how rolled, forged, tubular, and wire steel products are made and how each unique product form is specified in ASTM Standards
  • Recall the anisotropic behavior of steels due the manufacturing direction of working and how this behavior affects the mechanical properties and testing of wrought steel products as specified requirements in ASTM standards.

Who Should Attend

This course is designed for all personnel involved with steels and particularly ASTM Steel Standards, such as, engineers, inspectors, QA/QC coordinators, NDE examiners, purchasers, inventory control personnel, tradespeople, manufacturing, fabricating and repair companies, engineering procurement companies, construction companies, and others working in most industries that use steel, including: civil construction (buildings, bridges), pressure equipment, ship building, water treatment, pipelines, oil and gas industries (oilfield, upgraders, refineries, etc.), chemical plants, petroleum refining, petrochemical plants, power plants, pulp and paper plants, fertilizer plants, and many others.

Course Outline

  • What is a wrought steel product?
  • How is steel made to produce wrought products?
    • Basic oxygen furnace (BOF) and electric arc furnace (EAF) steelmaking processes
    • What are heats and lots of steel?
    • What are rimmed, capped, killed, and semikilled steels?
    • What are Clean and Dirty Steels?
    • Deoxidation, desulfurization, and controlling inclusion content and shape control
  • What are steel ingots, continuous strand castings, billets, blooms, and slabs?
  • How are rolled plates, sheets, and strips made?
    • Rolling direction and thickness reduction
    • Advantages and disadvantages of hot vs cold rolled steels
    • Applications for steel plate, sheet, and strip
  • How are steel forgings made?
    • What is a steel forging?
    • Billets and blooms as forging starting stock
    • Open die and closed-die forging; NDE and repair welding
    • Advantages and disadvantages of steel forgings
    • Applications for steel forgings
  • How are steel pipes and tubes made?
    • What is the difference between steel pipe and tube?
    • How are seamless and welded pipe or tube different?
    • How are seamless steel pipe and tube made?
    • bend testing (and referenced to E190 and E290)?
    • How are FBW, ERW, and EFW pipe made?
    • Advantages and disadvantages of seamless and welded pipe or tube
    • Advantages and disadvantages of different welded pipe/tube types
    • What is required when ordering steel pipe and tube?
  • How is steel wire made?
    • Applications for steel wire
  • What is anisotropic behavior of wrought steels and why is it important?
    • How are test specimens oriented in the wrought product to measure mechanical properties in different directions?
  • What are laminations and lamellar tearing?

Learning Assessment

Learning will be assessed through discussions. Participants are expected to ask questions if an issue is unclear to them.

Certificate and Professional Development Hours

Participants will receive a digital Certificate of Completion with credit for Professional Development Hours (PDH). Visit ASTM International for details.

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