ASME/ASTM Carbon & Alloy Steels Specifications & Material Test Reports

Online Course with e-Instructor Support

Availability: Coming Soon!
Earn: 16 CPD hours

Course Description

This 2-day course is designed for the purchaser, manufacturer, fabricator, supplier, and others to learn the basics of carbon and alloy steels to improve your ability to correctly:

These goals are achieved by studying Connecting-the-Standards© Examples covering ASME/ASTM product specifications, general requirements specifications, test methods, practices, and terminology standards.

Learning Outcomes

After this course you will be able to write steel product specifications and purchase orders based on ASME/ASTM standards by:

  • identifying the different types of ASME/ASTM steel standards, their functions, terminology, and designation systems, including how and why they differ from other steel specifications and designations like AISI, ASME, SAE, etc.;
  • identifying common ordering information required by ASME/ASTM standards, e.g., specification designation, year-date, grade, hot or cold finished, heat treatment, size, dimensions, supplementary and special requirements, test reports, etc.;
  • correctly classifying and defining steels in accordance with ASTM A941 as:
    • carbon steel,
    • low-alloy steel,
    • high-strength low-alloy steel,
    • microalloyed steel, or
    • alloy steel;
  • associating each ASME/ASTM product specification with its general requirements specification;
  • identifying mandatory, nonmandatory or not included, and purchaser selected requirements;
  • distinguishing how and why ASME/ASTM specifications differ with varying product forms, such as plate, sheet, strip, pipe, tube, shapes, forgings, etc.);
  • determining the roles of chemical elements in steels, including specified, unspecified, and residual elements;
  • determining how and why carbon and manganese affect the mechanical properties of steels;
  • distinguishing between a heat and lot of steel, including differences between heat analysis and product analysis;
  • evaluating how and why the ASTM A370 standard for mechanical testing of steel products is specified; and
  • correctly specifying NDE and other QC requirements.

Who Should Attend

This course is designed for all personnel involved with steels and particularly ASME/ASTM Steel Standards, such as: engineers, inspectors, QA/QC coordinators, NDE examiners, purchasers, inventory control personnel, tradespeople, manufacturing, fabricating and repair companies, engineering procurement companies, construction companies, and others working in most industries that use steel, including: civil construction (buildings, bridges), pressure equipment, ship building, water treatment, pipelines, oil and gas industries (oilfield, upgraders, refineries, etc.), chemical plants, petroleum refining, petrochemical plants, power plants, pulp and paper plants, fertilizer plants, and many others.

Course Outline

  • What are the different types and functions of ASME/ASTM standards?
  • How and why are steels defined in ASTM A941 Standard Terminology as:
    • carbon steel,
    • low-alloy steel,
    • high-strength low-alloy steel,
    • microalloyed steel,
    • alloy steel; and
    • stainless steel;
  • How are ASME/ASTM steel specifications used to specify steel products and write purchase orders?
  • How are ASME/ASTM carbon and alloy steel product specifications and grades designated?
    • How and why do ASME/ASTM steel designations differ from “others” e.g., AISI, SAE, etc.?
  • Why are the following items important when writing steel product specifications and purchase orders?
    • heat, heat analysis, heat number, product analysis,
    • lot and lot number,
  • Why are the 5 common chemical elements, C, Mn, Si, S, P, included in carbon steels and how do they differ from residual elements and unspecified elements in ASTM standards?
  • What are the roles of chemical elements in low-alloy, high strength low-alloy, microalloyed, and alloy steels?
  • Why do some chemical elements have requirements specified as a minimum value, maximum value, or minimum-maximum range value?
  • What are the steelmaking and heat treatment requirements in ASTM steel specifications?
  • How and why product sizes, dimensional limits, and tolerance requirements are specified in in ASME/ASTM stainless steel standards and why do they need to be in steel product specifications and purchase orders?
  • How and why is ASTM A370 Standard for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products used when writing steel product specifications and purchase orders for:
    • tension testing;
    • impact testing;
    • fixed-location and portable hardness testing; and
    • bend testing?
  • How are NDE, pressure testing, and other QC testing requirements specified in ASME/ASTM steel standards used when writing a steel product specification and purchase order?
  • What is the purpose of a material test report (MTR) and what is required to be included in it?
  • How is an MTR used to accept or reject an ordered steel product based on an ASME/ASTM specification?
    • How is an MTR correctly reviewed based on its written specification and purchase order?
    • Why do MTRs include multiple specifications and grades?
    • How is an MTR correctly reviewed when it includes specifications and grades that are not in the written specification and purchase order?
    • What are the bases for accepting or rejecting a steel product based on the written steel specification, purchase order, and its material test report?
  • How are products required to be marked and certified in accordance with ASME/ASTM steel standards, including multiple marking?

Learning Assessment

Learning will be self-assessed through participation in discussions throughout the training course.

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