Available Dates and Locations:

Course Location:
Holiday Inn Express Calgary University
2373 Banff Trail NW
Calgary AB  T2M 4L2 Canada
Book Accommodations with CASTI Room Rate
Date: November 6-8, 2019
Earn: 32 PDHs
Price: $2395

IMPORTANT: A thorough understanding of the damage mechanisms covered in API RP 571 greatly assists with API 579-1/ASME FFS-1 assessments. It is highly recommended that CASTI's API 579-1/ASME FFS-1 Fitness for Service course be taken following this course.


To improve safety, reliability, and minimize liability of fixed equipment by learning common damage mechanisms in the refining and petrochemical industry as covered in API 571 are the primary objectives. The roles of the engineer and inspector in identifying affected materials and equipment, critical factors, appearance of damage, prevention and mitigation, inspection and monitoring will be covered to introduce the concepts of service-induced deterioration and failure modes. This course is intended for anyone interested in gaining a fundamental understanding of damage mechanisms in metals.

Who Should Attend

Engineers, inspectors, designers, and experienced maintenance personnel who are involved in designing, operating, maintaining, repairing, inspecting and analyzing pressure vessels, piping, tanks and pipelines for safe operations in the refining, petrochemical and other related industries. It will assist with API 579 and API 580 evaluations and API 571 ICP exam candidates.

Professional Development Hours (PDHs)

Each participant will receive a CASTI Certificate of Completion with 24 PDHs for attending all 3 days of the classroom training. An additional 8 PDHs will be awarded for the completion of the e-Learning lessons prior to the course start date.

CASTI Learning Advantage (CLA)
Blended Learning

This course includes 5.5 days* of training as described below:

Estimated 1 Day*

  • online study of steels and metallurgy
  • review of example problems
  • solve practice problems and review solutions
  • pre-classroom e-learning content only available from Oct. 9 to Nov. 5, 2019

3 Days

  • instructor-led review and discussion of API and ASME Codes
  • review example problems and detailed solutions
  • solve practice problems and review detailed solutions
  • in-classroom training held Nov. 6-8, 2019 8am to 5pm

Estimated 1 Day*
Post-Classroom E-Learning

  • available 1 week after the classroom portion
  • Practice Exam #1 (closed-book, 3.25 hours)
  • Practice Exam #2 (closed-book, 3.25 hours)
  • review exam answer key and detailed math solutions

* Estimate of time required to complete online training. Your personal skill and experience levels will determine the actual time required to complete this work.

Completing all of the online study work is a critical step maximizing your likelihood of passing the API 571 Individual Certification Program exam. Individuals who do not complete all of the online study work may jeopardize the likelihood of successfully passing the exam and do so at their own risk.

By completing the e-learning lessons, you will be better prepared to learn more from the instructor-led classroom training and optimize your learning experience. The e-learning lessons include:

  • e-Instructor support
  • study material for reading
  • reviewing example problems
  • solving practice problems and reviewing solutions
  • practice problems results are graded to provide a measure of self-evaluation

Prior to the course start date, the online lessons are made available to all customers registered for this CASTI course. Completion of these e-learning lessons is a mandatory part of this training course. All exam candidates are encouraged to register early and allow sufficient time to complete the e-learning lessons.


Introduction to Carbon and Alloy Steel Metallurgy
  • Basic carbon steel metallurgy: using the Fe-Fe3C phase diagram in practical terms
  • Basic alloy steel metallurgy for high and low temperature service
  • Common heat treatments for carbon and alloy steels
Introduction to Stainless Steel Metallurgy
  • Types and classification of stainless steels
  • General corrosion resistance of stainless steels (advantages and disadvantages)
  • General introduction to the weldability of stainless steels and affect welding on corrosion resistance
Base Metal and Filler Metal Specifications - ASME Section II Parts A and C
  • Classification of steels - UNS, SAE, ASTM, ASME
  • ASME SA-105, SA-53, SA-106, SA-333, SA-516, SA-240
  • AWS/ASME classification of filler metals, SFA No., F No., and A No
  • Material test reports and what they really mean
Welding Metallurgy of Carbon and Alloy Steels
  • Weldment and metallurgical heat affected zones using fundamental principles of welding metallurgy
  • Use of carbon equivalence to predict weldability
  • Hydrogen assisted cracking related to welding (toe cracking, cold cracking, delayed cracking, HAZ cracking, and underbead cracking)
  • Preheating and postweld heat treat in practical terms to avoid cracking, improve weldability, and resist weld related failures
I) General Damage Mechanisms as Described in API 571
Mechanical and Metallurgical Failure Mechanisms
  • Graphitization and Softening (Spheroidization)
  • Temper Embrittlement
  • Strain Aging
  • 885°F Embrittlement
  • Sigma Phase Embrittlement
  • Brittle Fracture
  • Creep/Stress Rupture
  • Short Term Overheating—Stress Rupture
  • Steam Blanketing
  • Dissimilar Metal Weld (DMW) Cracking
  • Thermal Shock
  • Erosion/Erosion-Corrosion
  • Cavitation
  • Mechanical, Thermal and Vibration-Induced Fatigue
  • Refractory Degradation
  • Reheat Cracking
Uniform or Localized Loss of Thickness
  • Galvanic Corrosion, Atmospheric Corrosion
  • Corrosion Under Insulation (CUI)
  • Cooling Water Corrosion, Boiler Water Condensate Corrosion
  • CO2 Corrosion
  • Flue Gas Dew Point Corrosion
  • Microbiologically Induced Corrosion (MIC)
  • Soil Corrosion
  • Caustic Corrosion
  • Dealloying
  • Graphitic Corrosion
High Temperature Corrosion, 400°F (204°C)
  • Oxidation, Sulfidation, Carburization, Decarburization
  • Metal Dusting, Fuel Ash Corrosion
  • Nitriding
Environment-Assisted Cracking
  • Chloride Stress Corrosion Cracking (Cl-SCC)
  • Corrosion Fatigue
  • Caustic Stress Corrosion Cracking (Caustic Embrittlement)
  • Ammonia Stress Corrosion Cracking
  • Liquid Metal Embrittlement (LME)
  • Hydrogen Embrittlement (HE)
II) Refining Industry Damage Mechanisms as Described in API 571
Uniform or Localized Loss in Thickness Phenomena
  • Amine Corrosion
  • Ammonium Bisulfide Corrosion (Alkaline Sour Water)
  • Ammonium Chloride Corrosion
  • Hydrochloric Acid (HCl) Corrosion
  • High Temp H2/H2S Corrosion
  • Hydrofluoric (HF) Acid Corrosion
  • Naphthenic Acid Corrosion (NAC)
  • Phenol (Carbonic Acid) Corrosion
  • Phosphoric Acid Corrosion
  • Sour Water Corrosion (Acidic)
  • Sulfuric Acid Corrosion
Environment-Assisted Cracking
  • Polythionic Acid Stress Corrosion Cracking (PASCC)
  • Amine Stress Corrosion Cracking
  • Wet H2S Damage (Blistering/HIC/SOHIC/SCC)
  • Hydrogen Stress Cracking—HF
  • Carbonate Stress Corrosion Cracking
Other Mechanisms
  • High Temperature Hydrogen Attack (HTHA) and Titanium Hydriding

Required Code Documents

All participants must bring the API RP 571 Code to this class. This code document can be purchased from CASTI. A course notebook will be provided to all participants by CASTI.

Minimum System Requirements for the Online Study

  • Broadband Internet connection
  • Windows Vista (or higher)
  • Mac and Android computers and tablets are not supported
  • Google Chrome. Microsoft Edge NOT supported.
  • Latest version of Adobe Reader

Note: Use of Adobe software may have additional system requirements (Please refer to the Adobe specifications provided with your Adobe software or visit the Adobe website at www.adobe.com for more information.)

Note: Please consult with your company IT department if you are unsure that your company computer meets the above requirements

About the Instructor

John E. Bringas, P.Eng. is a professional engineer who has practiced metallurgical engineering and inspection for 40 years. He is also certified as an API 510, 570, 653, 571, 577, and 580 inspector, an AWS Certified Welding Inspector, an Alberta In-Service Pressure Vessel Inspector and Welding Examiner, and former CGSB certified NDE examiner in UT and RT. He is a long time committee member of ASTM A01 (Steels), A05 (Coated Steels), B02 (Nonferrous Alloys), NACE STG 32 (Oil and Gas Production-Metallurgy) and STG 36 (Process Industry-Materials), and Canadian Representative on ISO TC 17-SC 4 (Steels). He is the author of the ASTM Handbook of Comparative World Steel Standards, ASTM Handbook of Steel Data: American and European, ASTM Passport to Steel Database, and the CASTI Metals Data Books. Mr. Bringas has engineering work experience in the steel making, foundry, consulting, refinery, pipeline and petrochemical industries and is the founder of Codes and Standards Training Institute and CASTI Publishing Inc.